Six years after the COP21 which gave birth to the Paris Agreement deciding as a target of a warming of + 1.5 ° C by the end of the century, world leaders met in Glasgow from the 31st October to November 12 for historic negotiations.
However, many disappointments were felt at the end of these two weeks. The results are mixed. The Swiss delegation notably expressed its deep disappointment at the last minute change in the COP26 draft declaration on the exit from coal. Several states, including India and China, have proposed working towards a “phase-down” instead of a call to “accelerate efforts” towards a “phase-out” of coal (RTS, 2021). However, many ambitions have nevertheless been revised upwards and some agreements concluded are promising. Around a hundred countries, including the EU, the United States and the Baisil, have notably committed to reducing their methane emissions by 30% by 2030 compared to 2020. The signatory countries cover nearly half of the global methane emissions. We regret that countries like China, India and Russia are not signatories to this agreement.
COP27 will be held in Egypt next year, hopefully by then the decisions taken will be introduced and respected.